Best Beginner Aquarium Plants – The 10 Easiest Options

Not only is the natural decoration, but aquatic plants also bring a huge benefit for the aquarium tank. If you are newbies, choosing the best aquarium plants for beginners is always a need to care for them well. Then, all of their benefits can work.

So, do you know how the aquarium plants help?

They play an essential role in improving water quality and enhancing algae control. 

Plus, these plants ensure the pH stabilization in the aquatic environment. During the daytime, they produce oxygen for fishes to breathe. In turn, they get the CO2 from fishes as a food source. 

See more:

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List of 10 Best Beginner Aquarium Plants

The followings are 10 of the many best beginner plants for the aquarium which people choose at most. From 1 to 10, we will learn one by one.

Let’s get started!

Product Images Product Name Editor's Rating Prices
Aquatic Arts Java Moss 4.2 out of 5 stars (4.2 / 5) See price on Amazon
Greenpro Dwarf Baby Tears
3.9 out of 5 stars (3.9 / 5) See price on Amazon
Greenpro Dwarf Hairgrass
4.5 out of 5 stars (4.5 / 5) See price on Amazon
Tropica Marsilea Crenata
3.5 out of 5 stars (3.5 / 5) See price on Amazon
Greenpro Amazon Sword
4.6 out of 5 stars (4.6 / 5) See price on Amazon
Aquatic Arts Java Fern
3.7 out of 5 stars (3.7 / 5) See price on Amazon
Aquatic Arts Dwarf Anubias Nana
4.4 out of 5 stars (4.4 / 5) See price on Amazon
Chain Sword

See price on Amazon
Pogostemon Helferi

5 out of 5 stars (5 / 5) See price on Amazon
Greenpro Dwarf Sagittaria
4.5 out of 5 stars (4.5 / 5) See price on Amazon

1. Aquatic Arts Java Moss


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The first and most common plant coming to the list is the Java Moss. It seems to be challenging to find other plants that are compatible with almost all fishes like the Java Moss.

We consider it as the type which can grow quickly and do well on numerous surfaces. From the gravel, rocks to the driftwood, or even decorations, there will be no problem at all. 

No matter whether the low or high light conditions, Java Moss still does impressive growth. For the dark green and lanky plant, you should set up the low light. On the contrary, to get the condense one, we suggest keeping the plants under the high lighting. 

In terms of temperature, the range from 70°F to 90°F is exceptional. However, this type of aquatic plant will thrive the best in the condition from 70°F up to 75°F. 

Suitable condition

  • Water temperature: 70°F – 75°F
  • Light: Both low and high
  • Tankmate: Almost all species of fish

2. Greenpro Dwarf Baby Tears 

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In the form of small thick leaves, the Dwarf Baby Tears can produce dense carpets for the aquarium tank. 

The ideal surface for these plants is the driftwood with the water pH level from 5.0 to 7.0. Besides, to help them rise quickly, the lighting should always be in the high condition. Not only that, the water temperature between 68°F and 82°F also supports this growth. 

In the beginning, you had better plant the Dwarf Baby Tears in a pot. When they grow and form a thick carpet, you can separate into small parts around the tank for the fast coverage. 

One more thing noted is to prepare an iron-rich substrate. It will supplement CO2 and fertilize the plants. 

Suitable condition

  • Water temperature: 68°F – 82°F
  • Light: High
  • Tankmate: Almost all species of fish except for nipping-plant fishes

3. Greenpro Dwarf Hairgrass

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Another choice for the good beginner aquarium plants is the Dwarf Hairgrass. It is common all over the world, from North America, Europe to South America countries. 

Not only being the shelter for species, but this plant also does an efficient oxygenating for the whole aquarium tank. Plus, nitrate-in-water control is one of the most important roles of this plant. 

This grass-like aquatic plant is very thin in shape. The tank water should be stable at the pH level from 6.5 to 7.5 with the temperature from 50°F to 85°F. As for the lighting, we do not suggest the one which is too high or too low. Adjusting the moderate level will be ok.

Suitable condition

  • Water temperature: 50°F – 85°F
  • Light: Moderate
  • Tankmate: Yoyo Loach, Clown Loach, Corydoras Catfish, Zebra Loach, and Bumblebee Catfish, along with Guppy, Molly, Tetra and Danio

4. Tropica Marsilea Crenata

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The Marsilea Crenata is not a type of aquatic plant which grows quickly. Under the appropriate water and lighting condition, it remains a beautiful short length. And then, your aquarium gets a perfect green carpet. Because of preferring moist soils, the Tropica Marsilea Crenata thrives better in the totally submerged water condition. 

This clover-like plant needs to be in the water ranging from 73°F to 78°F Plus; the ideal pH is 5 – 7.5. And the moderate lighting level is reasonable. But in case you love the plant with the long shape, the low lighting will be the best choice. 

Suitable condition

  • Water temperature: 73°F – 78°F
  • Light: Moderate
  • Tankmate: Almost all species of fish 

5. Greenpro Amazon Sword

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The Amazon Sword comes with the short stem as well as a bushy look. The leave is large at the base and smaller at the tip. It can reach a height of 20 inches in maximum. 

A unique feature of this plant is its strong rhizome, which can penetrate deeply into the substrate. The suitable water pH of 6.5-7.5 will strengthen the root’s growth widely.  

We also call it the best live freshwater aquarium plants the beginner. Caring for this plant is so easy that you can place it in any tank condition, even in the deficient nutrients and lighting. 

Also, the Amazon Sword is the tank mate of almost of species of fish. But we do not suggest you choose it for the tank with Goldfish. This type of fish will uproot the plans for sure.

Suitable condition

  • Water temperature: 72°F – 82°F
  • Light: Any level
  • Tankmate: Almost all species of fish except for Goldfish

6. Aquatic Arts Java Fern

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For the freshwater aquarium tank, we have another recommendation. It is the Aquatic Arts Java Fern, which may be the best beginner low light aquarium plants. This type of plant is especially compatible with shrimp.   

Under the low light, the plant can grow well. And this growth will be much more thriving if the root gets its place in the rock. You should always keep your eyes on it to prevent its root from getting buried into the rock.

Java Fern has the thin-and-long form of leaves. In the beginning, it slowly grows. But then, it tends to spread so fast to the maximum height of 15 inches and a width of 6 inches. 

There is no special light requirement for this plant. It is free to set up the lighting from a low to moderate level. You only need to make sure that the light is not too harsh. 

Suitable condition

  • Water temperature: 68°F – 82°F
  • Light: Low 
  • Tankmate: Almost all species of fish

7. Aquatic Arts Dwarf Anubias Nana

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The next name for the list is the Anubias Nana, which is extremely easy to keep in the aquarium tank. Sellers often keep it on rocks or driftwood.

Unlike other aquatic plants with fast growth, this type does not do the same. Because of the slow spread, there is no need the space preparation. You should buy a specimen which perfectly fit your aquarium. 

To prevent algae growth, placing this plant in the shady tank part is a must. At the same time, you should adjust the ideal water flow into the tank. 

Furthermore, Anubias Nana is not a type that requires lots of nutrients. Hence, the addition of fertilizer is unnecessary. 

An appropriate condition helps this plant grow well. However, its maximum height is only 6 inches. Then, you save a lot of time since there no need to prune the plants.

Suitable condition

  • Water temperature: 72°F – 78°F
  • Light: Moderate
  • Tankmate: Almost all species of fish

8. Chain Sword

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It is the plant with linear leaves that have the thin and curve stem. At a glance, you may see it looks like grass. But these plants can form a thick carpet in the aquarium in a short time. 

The Chain Sword can thrive in both partially and fully submerged water tank as long as the condition is right. The water temperature should range from 68°F to 84°F. The pH is between 6.2 and 7.5, along with the carbonate hardness under 8.

You have to use a sandy solid substrate for this plant and make sure they have access to plenty of light.

Now, turning to note about the propagation!

To propagate, you cut the baby plant roots whose size is half of the parent plant’s one. Then, they can grow separately. 

Suitable condition

  • Water temperature: 68°F – 84°F
  • Light: Moderate: High
  • Tankmate: Almost all species of fish

9. Pogostemon Helferi

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As a fast-growing aquatic plant, the Pogostemon Helferi needs a lot of nutrients. To feeding this plant, you can place a root tab in the aquarium. With sufficient food supply, it will grow right after a few months. Besides, you can prevent losing leaves. 

Basing on your expectations of the plant height, the lighting requirements are different. 

For example, if you want the plant to get a low height, you should choose a low level of lighting. Otherwise, it will grow high under the high lighting level. However, in the low light condition, the leaves tend to be less green and not as beautiful as the ones under the high lighting.

As for the propagation, you snip off the plant top and replant this cutting part. For months, the new root comes, and the growth will go on.

Suitable condition

  • Water temperature: 68°F – 84°F
  • Light: Moderate: Low to high
  • Tankmate: Almost all species of fish

10. Greenpro Dwarf Sagittaria

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The Greenpro Dwarf Sagittaria is such a hardy aquarium plant for beginners. 

Why do we say that thing?

Well! The reason is its origin. People found these plants for the first time along the sea coast. And the salty water is the ideal condition for them to grow. You can also see them in marshes, estuaries, streams as well as ponds. 

Also, it does not matter whether the partially and fully submersed condition is, the Dwarf Sagittaria still grow well. So, many people plant them in the home aquarium tank.

With these plants, you must pay much attention to the iron level. For iron deficiency, the leaves tend to turn to yellow. 

Even when there is not any CO2 supplementation, the plants can still thrive. However, in this condition, you should add higher lighting.  

Suitable condition

  • Water temperature: 72°F – 82°F
  • Light: High
  • Tankmate: Almost all species of fish

How to Care for Freshwater Aquarium Plants? 

Even when you buy the best beginner fish tank plants, it will make no sense if you care improperly. So, how should you do it?

Using the right substrate

To get a fixed position in the tank, every aquarium plant needs a substrate for the roots.  But there are many types of substrate on the market.

You had better choose the one with a suitable size. It should have 2 inches of laterite surrounded by 1 inch of the gavel.

Setting up the right lighting

Aquarium plants require different lighting levels. Some need low lighting while others grow well under the high one. So, besides choosing top beginner aquarium plants, it is a must to learn about their requirements for the aquarium lighting system.

Adding an appropriate amount of fertilizer 

To improve the aquarium plant growth, you cannot ignore the fertilizer. It plays the role in adding more nutrients for the plant, especially the best beginner freshwater aquarium plants.

An iron-based fertilizer is always the top recommendation. It is not only safe for fishes but also helps freshwater aquarium plants thrive so well. However, the addition only works unless you overdose. The plants will lose leaves as a consequence. And in some cases, the overdosing fertilizers may have adverse effects on species in the aquarium, too.


As newbies, choosing the best starter aquarium plants is always a safe option. These aquatic things make your tank more attractive than ever. However, you can worsen the beautiful aquarium with improper caring.

In this article, we recommend a list of ideal plants and guide you on how to care for them well. Let’s follow and make the aquarium more perfect! We will wait for your sharing.

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